The move was prompted by Daniel Hudson's expected return to the rotation Sunday and Miguel Montero's left groin strain Monday.
"He's a great competitor, it was a great stay for him," D-backs manager Kirk Gibson said. "He understands what he needs to work on in his command. Every starting pitcher wants to pitch deeper into games. All in all, he's very good at all aspects of the game. He's got a good future ahead, certainly a guy that gives us great depth if we need him again."
Corbin was 2-3 with a 5.27 ERA in five starts since being recalled on April 30 from Double-A Mobile when Josh Collmenter moved to the bullpen. He won his Major League debut, 9-5, against the Marlins, but his strongest outing came on May 11 vs. the Giants, when he threw seven innings and gave up just one run on three hits.
"Just coming up here was a great experience," Corbin said. "I enjoyed every second of it. I learned so much. I didn't think I'd be up this early, I'm glad they gave me a chance."
Corbin will head to Triple-A for the first time in his career and will be armed with the knowledge of what he needs to improve on.
"How to pitch hitters up here and what to think on the mound, it's a lot different than any Minor League level," Corbin said. "The hitters are a lot smarter, you can't miss your spots. We've faced guys where they don't have the velocity, but they hit their spots and you can see they've had success. That's something I'll continue to improve on."
Schmidt hit .274 with eight doubles, three homers and 14 RBIs in 31 games for the Aces. He boasted a .348 average against lefties. Montero is hitting just .108 against southpaws.
Veteran catcher Henry Blanco batted eighth for the D-backs on Tuesday, with Trevor Cahill on the mound.